A fourth year student may spend a maximum of three months during the fourth year on off-campus rotations. Students choose to do away rotations as a way to learn more about a particular program or specialty. Most programs do not require fourth year off campus rotations, however, some specialties expect medical students students to participate in away rotations prior to applying for residency. These specialties include: Cardiothoracic Surgery, Dermatology, Emergency Medicine, Neurosurgery, Obstetrics-Gynecology, Ophthalmology, Orthopaedic Surgery, Otolaryngology, Pathology, Plastic Surgery, PMR, Radiation Oncology, Interventional Radiology, Urology, and Vascular Surgery. Away rotations should not be taken lightly. Prior to applying for away rotations, students should discuss their options with their career advisor.